VOL 23
Issue 11v28
Str Date: 2023.332.

Narcissism: How to identify narcissistic behavior


Narcissism: How to identify narcissistic behavior

When someone has an excessively high feeling of their significance, it is known as narcissism. People with narcissistic tendencies have an excessive need for attention and a need for admiration.

People with this illness could be unable to comprehend or care about the emotions of others. Although they appear to have enormous confidence, they lack it and are sensitive to even the slightest criticism.

A narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) affects many facets of life, especially relationships, career, school, and money. People with narcissistic personality disorders may feel generally unhappy and disappointed when they aren’t given the particular privileges they believe they are due.

Narcissistic Behaviors

Narcissistic behavior belongs to one of two categories. The two categories also determine how various people will act in interpersonal relationships.

1.   Grandiose narcissism

Individuals who display grandiose narcissism were probably brought up to think of themselves as better than or above others. These expectations might still be relevant to them as they get older. As a result, they regularly brag and display elitism.

Those who have grandiose narcissistic tendencies are arrogant, domineering, and conceited. Their sense of self is strong, yet they lack empathy.

2.   Embedded Narcissism

Embedded narcissism is frequently the result of childhood abuse or neglect. Individuals with this form of narcissism are a great deal more sensitive. They protect themselves against inferiority complexes with self-centered actions. They alternate between feeling inferior and superior to others.

Narcissistic Symptoms and Signs

The signs of narcissism vary from person to person.

Narcissistic behaviors or feelings could include:

  1. An overinflated idea of self
  2. An attitude of entitlement
  3. Excessively and continuously needing admiration
  4. Being viewed as pompous, boastful, or pretentious when acting arrogantly
  5. Exaggeration of abilities and accomplishments
  6. A fascination with ideals of success, power, and beauty
  7. Feeling superior and only wanting to be in connections with those who are similarly accomplished
  8. A propensity to dominate conversations
  9. Putting others down and mocking them
  10. Using people for personal gain
  11. A reluctance or incapacity to understand the needs and feelings of others
  12. Anger at others
  13. A conviction that jealous people exist

Additionally, narcissists have difficulty absorbing criticism, which can cause issues at work and in interpersonal relationships. The following signs may make it difficult for them to interact with others and do their jobs well:

  1. If they are not given special treatment, they become angry or frustrated.
  2. Sensitivity to appeared slights
  3. Expressing anger or disdain to appear superior
  4. Inability to control one’s emotions and conduct
  5. Dealing with change and stress with difficulty
  6. Feeling upset if they don’t live up to their standards
  7. Secret sentiments of vulnerability, uncertainty, shame, and humiliation

Risk factors and Causes of Narcissism

Many psychiatrists believe that lack of parental affection and attention as children is the root of narcissism. Narcissism’s precise origin is unknown. Numerous elements, such as the following, are probably involved:

  • Environmental
  • Genetic
  • Neurobiological

Men are more prone to narcissism than women. It frequently starts in adolescence or the early stages of adulthood. While children can have narcissistic tendencies, this may be more a reflection of their age and developmental stage. Early narcissism does not guarantee later selfish behavior in a person.

In reality, it is common for a very young child to be selfish, think their modest successes are significant, and think they are the center of the universe. Although it is beneficial for parents to encourage this age-appropriate narcissism, it becomes crucial for later development to teach older children to respect the feelings and achievements of others.

Consequences of Narcissism

The following are comorbidities and other illnesses that may coexist with narcissistic personality disorder:

  • relationship difficulties
  • challenges at work or in school
  • anxiety and sadness
  • Additional character flaws
  • Physical wellness barriers
  • abuse of alcohol or drugs
  • Suicidal thoughts or behaviors

Having Narcissistic Relationships

To gain respect and admiration, especially from potential love partners, narcissists usually exhibit appealing and fascinating characteristics that can quickly ignite a romance. However, their limited capacity for empathy could make it challenging to understand a partner’s point of view and develop a fulfilling long-term relationship.

Developing a trusting, equal relationship is difficult for those with a narcissistic personality disorder. Along with other concerning behaviors, such a person may attempt to impose firm boundaries on a connection and consciously isolate a new partner from family and friends.

Narcissism: How to Handle It

In many cases, the best and most practical method to stop a narcissist is to cut off contact with anyone who exhibits extreme narcissism. However, if you are linked to or residing with someone who suffers from NPD, this choice might not be an option for you. When quitting is not an option, you need a new coping mechanism for dealing with such a narcissist.

1.   Take nothing they do personally.

NPD sufferers cannot alter their conduct by themselves and may not be able to identify a problem; they require professional assistance but infrequently ask for it. You might try to get them to speak to a counselor, but they’ll probably refuse or react badly.

While you know that narcissistic actions like control and lack of attention aren’t directed at you, they might feel like personal insults. Keep in mind that it’s not about you.

2.   Decide on Limits

Setting clear boundaries is among the most vital things you can do when a narcissist is a problem at work or home. You set boundaries in a relationship by stating what you will and won’t accept. They serve as unwavering guidelines that define what appropriate and tolerable conduct is.

For instance, when interacting with one another, you could be explicit that you won’t tolerate actions like being impolite or calling others names. The conversation will stop if they continue to act in this manner.

3.   Your Self-Esteem Will Soar

To strengthen their sense of self, narcissists frequently denigrate others. This can be especially harmful if they put you down in subtle and overt ways. This sort of conduct is difficult at work.

Please take steps to maintain a strong sense of self-worth. It takes mental toughness to deal with a narcissist. Therefore, keep a confident demeanor when dealing with a narcissist.

4.   Get assistance and counseling from professionals

A solid support network and seeking treatment from a mental health expert are crucial while coping with a narcissistic family member. The constant insults, public humiliation, and other forms of abuse that come with dealing with a selfish loved one can make you feel alone and cause low self-esteem. Be kind to yourself and guard against getting gaslighted into thinking you’re to blame. Talking with a professional will help.


Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is an illness and must be treated as such. Learn to recognize narcissistic behavior and traits. There is no cure, so the current advice is to steer clear of any narcissistic person. If that is not possible, just ensure you keep your perspective and understand you don’t have to be embarrassed or humiliated. Talk about it with friends and qualified counselors. Counseling can even provide the tools you need to cease supporting a narcissistic person. Do you know someone with NPD?

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