[vc_row type=”in_container” full_screen_row_position=”middle” column_margin=”default” column_direction=”default” column_direction_tablet=”default” column_direction_phone=”default” scene_position=”center” text_color=”dark” text_align=”left” row_border_radius=”none” row_border_radius_applies=”bg” overlay_strength=”0.3″ gradient_direction=”left_to_right” shape_divider_position=”bottom” bg_image_animation=”none”][vc_column column_padding=”no-extra-padding” column_padding_tablet=”inherit” column_padding_phone=”inherit” column_padding_position=”all” column_element_spacing=”default” background_color_opacity=”1″ background_hover_color_opacity=”1″ column_shadow=”none” column_border_radius=”none” column_link_target=”_self” gradient_direction=”left_to_right” overlay_strength=”0.3″ width=”1/1″ tablet_width_inherit=”default” tablet_text_alignment=”default” phone_text_alignment=”default” bg_image_animation=”none” border_type=”simple” column_border_width=”none” column_border_style=”solid”][vc_column_text]Prelude
Technology is taking a turn for the better, and the advancement shows how great humanity can do with just air, water, and earth. The considerable current debate is on Artificial Intelligence and how fast the human species is developing its kind. Artificial Intelligence is considered to help make life processes much more straightforward and efficient by automating basic human activities, including the operation of machinery. This article seeks to define artificial intelligence, the types involved, the application in life forms, and the worries and risk factors regarding its development.
What is Artificial Intelligence
Commonly known as AI, artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intellectual abilities in computerized machines to mimic human actions and behaviors. It may also be defined as a part of computer science concerned with developing intelligent machines that can perform tasks requiring human intelligence. Artificial intelligence is also concerned with machines that can think and act both humanly and rationally, which involve behaviors, thought processing, and reasoning. An idealistic feature of artificial intelligence majorly lies in its ability to rationalize and take actions that have the best chance of achieving specific goals aimed at mimicking the cognitive abilities of human beings.
Types of Artificial Intelligence
There are four types of artificial intelligence: reactive machines, limited memory, theory of mind, and self-awareness.
- Reactive Machines:
These are the simplest of machines designed; they cannot create memories or use any information learned to improve or influence future outcomes. They are only able to react to predefined situations and are based on action-reaction aspects of life. An example is the Deep Blue chess-playing robot developed by IBM; the machine can only evaluate the pieces on the chessboard and react to them about the pre-coded strategies of the game.
- Limited Memory
As suggested by the name, the machine can learn and retain information based on past events or situations and make necessary adjustments; it, therefore, can build a memory using the information relative to the pre-programmed data. An example is a self-driving car that collects information on lane markings, speeds of other vehicles, and pedestrian movements, which are used in adjusting its speed.
- Theory of Mind
This type of artificial intelligence considers the thoughts, feelings, memories, and other brain patterns that humans exhibit and thus influence our behavior. Machines in this area need to understand that human beings and animals have feelings and thoughts that significantly affect their actions; hence, they can collect information on human processes and find the correct reactions based on the situations. An example is Sophia, a robot developed by Hanson Robotics that can hold conversations and respond promptly to human responses.
This is the ultimate goal of artificial intelligence and is the most complex machine humans can think of developing. The machines would have self-consciousness and an understanding of their existence in the world. The devices would have to understand that they need to do something and not just have to do something; it would not just know its internal state but have the capability of predicting the feelings of people around it. The closest humans are to this type of technology is, however, only in Sci-fi movies.
Application of Artificial Intelligence
Currently, artificial intelligence is used in instances of:
- Chatbots; conversing artificial intelligence machines
- In Commerce; helping shoppers find products based on sizes, shapes, color, brands, and related best searches.
- Human resource management. Artificial intelligence machines and software are used in managing and ensuring work accountability and reasoning process by delivering time and work efficiencies.
- Healthcare; artificial intelligence machines can scan and give medical conclusions based on past information and available data. For example, in surgery, AI is used in operating the machines to acquire the best incision procedures.
- Cybersecurity: AI software helps detect security threats and combat the threats involved by detecting abnormalities and averting evil plans.
Other instances may include the betting industry, retail, casinos, hotels and integrated resorts, manufacturing industries, and logistics and supply chains.
The Fears, The Worries, and The Risk Factors.
Artificial intelligence is not generally well-received by some due to fear and worries coupled with a few risk factors towards the inception of life processes; here are some reasons why they are valid:
- First, job automation is the immediate risk: loss of jobs is currently eminent.
- In addition, there is a surge in the number of privacy and security issues and the rise of Deep-fake technologies.
- Artificial intelligence bias leads to the widening of social and economic inequality since the loss to others is beneficial to another group of AI users.
- Machines have the potential of turning against humanity by weaponizing themselves and creating an AI arms race. The machines may also be hacked and used to attack other people.
Notably, these fears stem from general anxiety about the intelligence of the machines and the potential to overtake humanity, superintelligence, having AI machines controlled by the wrong people, and the proximal cautions and concerns regarding new technologies.
Artificial Intelligence is here with us and will continue to grow each day with the primary purpose of easing life processes. It is part of a future that humans are exploring and advancing every minute, and with the proper use, it is the future humans deserve.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]